Medical Treatment Options

Getting medical care at an emergency room as soon as possible after an incident of sexual violence is important for your health.  You may have internal and/or external injuries that need to be treated.  Prompt medical care can also help reduce the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy.  

In the immediate aftermath of an incident of sexual violence it is often difficult to know if you might want to pursue legal charges.  Having evidence collected does not commit you to reporting.  The evidence can be preserved for you to make that decision at a later date.

Medical evidence can only be collected within the first 96 hours after an incident.  The best evidence is collected the earliest. 

Additionally bathing, showering, urinating, and brushing your teeth may also destroy evidence.  Your clothing or bedding may also contain evidence; take these with you to the ER in a paper (not plastic) bag.


Specific Treatment Options Include:

  • Drug facilitated sexual assault kit  can be done within 24 hours of the assault                                                          

Urine and blood are collected to determine if drugging agents were used to facilitate an assault.  This testing is only available if a police report is filed and if a Code R Kit is completed.

These tests will NOT be done in cases where a high volume of alcohol was consumed.

  • HIV post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can be done within 36 hours of the assault                                                                      
  • Emergency contraception can be given within 72 hours of the assault                                                                                          
  • Evidence collection can be done within 96 hours of the assault                                                                                                                                     

This exam will assure the physical health and wellbeing of the victim.  DNA will be collected, injuries will be documented, and other evidence will be collected to assist in charging and prosecuting the assailant if the victim chooses to press charges.  Completed kits are held for 30 days to allow time for the victim to decide if she wants to pursue charges.  This exam is available free of charge, even if the victim decides not to cooperate with law enforcement investigators.

  • HIV testing should be done at least 90 days after of the assault                                 
  • Testing and treatment of other STDs can be done anytime after the assault

The examination and evidence collection are available free of charge at any emergency room. 


You can get these services at the emergency room in any Erie County hospital.  HIV and STD testing can also be done at Weigel Health Center.


Specially trained Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE) are available or on call 27/7 at the following Erie County emergency rooms:

  • Erie County Medical Center, 462 Grider St., Buffalo
  • Buffalo General Hospital, 100 High St., Buffalo
  • Millard Fillmore Suburban, 1540 Maple Rd., Williamsville

Call the New York State Sexual and Domestic Violence Hotline at 800-942-6906 for information on where to go for medical treatment in other parts of the state.