* - Volunteer opportunities exist with these organizations.
Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society*
65 Nottingham Court
(0.32 miles) Wars, presidents, and a celebration for the world. Explore Buffalo's rich and wild history inside an original 1901 Pan-American Exposition building.
Museum: 10:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. Monday–Saturday; noon-5:00 p.m. Sunday. www.bechs.org
Forest Lawn Cemetery (300 acres)
1411 Delaware Avenue (at West Delevan Avenue)
Tombstone tales amidst a historically significant natural setting with trails, a lake, and outstanding sculpture. Open year-round.
Tours: June–September, $5.00
Reservations: (716) 885-1606, ext. 302
Darwin D. Martin House Complex*
125 Jewett Parkway
Grand Prairie-style home designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and built in 1903-1905 features distinctive art-glass windows. See historic restoration in progress. Open year-round, weekends only December–April. Closed Mondays.
Reservations: (716) 856-3858
The Richardson Complex (Buffalo Psychiatric Center)
400 Forest Avenue at Elmwood
Henry Hobson Richardson's 1880s masterpiece with twin 90-foot Gothic towers. Grounds designed by premier landscape architects Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux.
Buffalo and Erie County Naval and Military Park*
One Naval Park Cove (foot of Pearl and Main Streets)
The lifestyles of seafaring warriors come to life in this waterfront museum. Features three historic naval craft (a guided missile cruiser, destroyer, and submarine), 10:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. daily April–October (guided tours 10:00 a.m. and 12:30 p.m. except Sunday, with reservations); Saturdays and Sundays in November
Buffalo City Hall
65 Niagara Square
Art deco-style tower built in 1929. Extensive artwork includes stained-glass ceiling inspired by Native American designs. Get a bird's-eye view of Buffalo and its lakefront from the 28th-floor observation deck.
Open during business hours.
City Hall information: (716) 851-4200
Buffalo Main Light
Erie Basin Marina at the Buffalo River, U.S. Coast Guard Base
(about 7 miles)
This 1833 limestone light is one of the oldest on the Great Lakes. Grounds are accessible via walkway along the south bank of the Buffalo River.
Connecticut Street Armory
184 Connecticut Street (Niagara and Prospect Streets)
Built near the turn of the last century during the Spanish-American War, this massive castle-like fortress features red Medina sandstone, corner turrets, and a sky-lit drill hall.
Ellicott Square Building
295 Main Street
Once the world's largest office building, this Italian Renaissance-style gem dates to 1895-96. Grand lobby features skylight, marble mosaic floor, elaborate staircase, restaurants.
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site*
641 Delaware Avenue
Greek revival mansion where Theodore Roosevelt took the presidential oath of office in 1901 after William McKinley was murdered in Buffalo. Exhibits, lectures, guided tours of house. House open 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. weekdays; noon-5:00 p.m. weekends. Tours of nearby, historic neighborhoods/areas (with reservations).
Mark Twain Room
Buffalo and Erie County Central Library, 1 Lafayette Square
Includes original handwritten manuscript of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
8:30 a.m.-6:00 p.m. Monday–Saturday, until 8:00 p.m. Thursday; 1:00-5:00 p.m. Sunday during school year
Underground Railroad stations
(See also "Explore History—Tours" section.)
Michigan Street Baptist Church
511 Michigan Avenue (Harriet Tubman Way)
Foot of West Ferry Street
Site of ferry service for slaves escaping to freedom in Canada across the Niagara River. Historical marker.
6472 Old Lake Shore Road, P.O. Box 823
Derby, New York
Experience the outdoors inside this Frank Lloyd Wright-designed 1927 summer home on the cliffs of Lake Erie. See historic restoration in progress. Events.
Tours: $5.00 students
Reservations: (716) 947-9217
Our Lady of Victory Basilica and National Shrine
767 Ridge Road at South Park Avenue, Lackawanna
Magnificent spiritual and artistic setting richly decorated with paintings, marble statuary, chandeliers, stained-glass windows, and at least 1,000 angels. Grand pipe organ. 80-foot dome.
Tours: 11:00 a.m.-7:00 p.m. daily with reservations (716) 828-7517
Open tours: Sundays at 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m.
Free (donations accepted)
(includes virtual tour)
Old Fort Niagara
P.O. Box 169, Youngstown, N.Y.
Old ghost stories in the oldest buildings on the Great Lakes; 300-year-old fort with 1726 French castle
Exhibits, year-round tours, battle re-enactments
Genesee Country Village and Museum
1410 Flint Hill Road, Mumford
New York State's largest living history museum with 57 restored buildings from the 1800s. Also John L. Wehle Gallery of Wildlife and Sporting Art; Genesee Country Nature Center
$12.50 students with ID/$15.50 adults